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Plant nuclear structure, genome architecture, and gene regulation / [electronic resource]

by Evans, D. E. (David E.).
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookSeries: Annual plant reviews: v. 46.Publisher: Chichester, West Sussex, UK ; Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.Description: 1 online resource.ISBN: 9781118472484; 1118472489; 9781118472491; 1118472497; 9781118472477; 1118472470; 9781118472507; 1118472500.Subject(s): Plant gene expression | Plant genomes | Genome, Plant | Plant genomes -- Research -- Methodology | Plant genomes | Plant molecular genetics | SCIENCE -- Life Sciences -- Genetics & Genomics | Plant gene expression | Plant genomes | Electronic booksOnline resources: Wiley Online Library
Contents:
Annual Plant Reviews Volume 46; Contents; List of Contributors; Preface; Acknowledgements; 1 Introduction: Mysteries, Molecules and Mechanisms; 1.1 Darwin and Margulis revisited; 1.2 Nuclei-general features; 1.3 The plant nuclear genome; 1.3.1 General features; 1.3.2 Replication of the nuclear genome; 1.4 DNA inside, ribosomes outside; 1.5 Concluding comments on the evolution of the nucleus; References; 2 The Nuclear Envelope-Structure and Protein Interactions; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Organization and structure of the plant nuclearenvelope; 2.3 Proteins of the plant nuclear envelope.
2.3.1 Proteins involved in signalling2.3.2 Proteins of the nuclear pore complex; 2.3.3 Proteins of the INM; 2.3.4 Proteins spanning the periplasm and linking the NE membranes; 2.3.5 The plant lamina; 2.4 The plant nuclear envelope and the nucleoskeleton; attachments at the INM; 2.5 The plant nuclear envelope and the cytoskeleton; attachments at the ONM; 2.6 Targeting of proteins to the plant NE; 2.7 Nuclear envelope protein dynamics in mitosis; 2.7.1 The role of NPC in regulating NE dynamics in cell division; 2.7.2 NE protein dynamics in division.
2.8 The phragmoplast and cell plate and their relationship to the NE2.9 The plant NE in meiosis; 2.10 Lipid composition of the plant NE and its homeostasis; 2.10.1 Nuclear-vacuolar junctions and lipid homeostasis; 2.10.2 NE phospholipid regulation by lipins; 2.11 The role of plant NE components in stress responses; 2.11.1 Nuclei repositioning in response to environmental stimuli; 2.11.2 Functions of the plant NE during viral infection; 2.12 Concluding remarks; Acknowledgements; References; 3 The Plant Nuclear Pore Complex -- The Nucleocytoplasmic Barrierand Beyond.
3.1 Nuclear pore complex structure3.1.1 Structure of the NPC; 3.1.2 Molecular composition of the NPC; 3.1.3 Nucleocytoplasmic trafficking; 3.1.3.1 Karyopherins and Ran cycle; 3.1.3.2 Non-karyopherin transport; 3.1.3.3 Models explaining 'virtual gating' of the NPC; 3.2 Physiological and developmental roles of plant nuclear pore components; 3.2.1 Plant-microbe interactions; 3.2.2 Hormone responses; 3.2.2.1 Abscisic acid signalling; 3.2.2.2 Auxin signalling; 3.2.3 Abiotic stress responses; 3.2.3.1 Temperature stress; 3.2.3.2 Salt and osmotic stress; 3.2.4 Growth and development.
3.3 The Dynamics of the Nuclear Pore Complex3.3.1 Types of mitosis; 3.3.2 NPC disassembly and dynamics of animal NPC components; 3.3.3 Dynamics of fungal NPC components; 3.3.4 Dynamics of plant NPC components; 3.4 Conclusions; References; 4 Nucleoskeleton in Plants: The Functional Organization of Filaments in the Nucleus; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Intermediate filaments and the nucleoskeleton; 4.3 Plants do not have intermediate filaments but they may have functional equivalents; 4.4 Plants can evolve different solutions to the same problem; 4.5 Intermediate filaments first evolved in the nucleus.
Summary: "Brings together expert reviews of the recent significant advances in our knowledge and understanding of the organisation of the higher plant nucleus, and in particular in the relationship between nuclear organisation and the regulation of gene expression. Rapid progress has been made in a number of key areas over the last five years, including description and characterization of proteins of the nuclear envelope and nuclear pore complex, novel insights into nucleoskeletal structures, as well as developments related to chromatin organization, function and gene expression. These advances open the way for new research into areas such as stress tolerance, plant-pathogen interactions and ultimately crop improvement and food security. Continued research into plant nuclear structure, genome architecture and gene regulation also enriches our understanding of the origin and evolution of the nucleus and its envelope."--Publisher's book description.
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Includes bibliographical references and index.

Annual Plant Reviews Volume 46; Contents; List of Contributors; Preface; Acknowledgements; 1 Introduction: Mysteries, Molecules and Mechanisms; 1.1 Darwin and Margulis revisited; 1.2 Nuclei-general features; 1.3 The plant nuclear genome; 1.3.1 General features; 1.3.2 Replication of the nuclear genome; 1.4 DNA inside, ribosomes outside; 1.5 Concluding comments on the evolution of the nucleus; References; 2 The Nuclear Envelope-Structure and Protein Interactions; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Organization and structure of the plant nuclearenvelope; 2.3 Proteins of the plant nuclear envelope.

2.3.1 Proteins involved in signalling2.3.2 Proteins of the nuclear pore complex; 2.3.3 Proteins of the INM; 2.3.4 Proteins spanning the periplasm and linking the NE membranes; 2.3.5 The plant lamina; 2.4 The plant nuclear envelope and the nucleoskeleton; attachments at the INM; 2.5 The plant nuclear envelope and the cytoskeleton; attachments at the ONM; 2.6 Targeting of proteins to the plant NE; 2.7 Nuclear envelope protein dynamics in mitosis; 2.7.1 The role of NPC in regulating NE dynamics in cell division; 2.7.2 NE protein dynamics in division.

2.8 The phragmoplast and cell plate and their relationship to the NE2.9 The plant NE in meiosis; 2.10 Lipid composition of the plant NE and its homeostasis; 2.10.1 Nuclear-vacuolar junctions and lipid homeostasis; 2.10.2 NE phospholipid regulation by lipins; 2.11 The role of plant NE components in stress responses; 2.11.1 Nuclei repositioning in response to environmental stimuli; 2.11.2 Functions of the plant NE during viral infection; 2.12 Concluding remarks; Acknowledgements; References; 3 The Plant Nuclear Pore Complex -- The Nucleocytoplasmic Barrierand Beyond.

3.1 Nuclear pore complex structure3.1.1 Structure of the NPC; 3.1.2 Molecular composition of the NPC; 3.1.3 Nucleocytoplasmic trafficking; 3.1.3.1 Karyopherins and Ran cycle; 3.1.3.2 Non-karyopherin transport; 3.1.3.3 Models explaining 'virtual gating' of the NPC; 3.2 Physiological and developmental roles of plant nuclear pore components; 3.2.1 Plant-microbe interactions; 3.2.2 Hormone responses; 3.2.2.1 Abscisic acid signalling; 3.2.2.2 Auxin signalling; 3.2.3 Abiotic stress responses; 3.2.3.1 Temperature stress; 3.2.3.2 Salt and osmotic stress; 3.2.4 Growth and development.

3.3 The Dynamics of the Nuclear Pore Complex3.3.1 Types of mitosis; 3.3.2 NPC disassembly and dynamics of animal NPC components; 3.3.3 Dynamics of fungal NPC components; 3.3.4 Dynamics of plant NPC components; 3.4 Conclusions; References; 4 Nucleoskeleton in Plants: The Functional Organization of Filaments in the Nucleus; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Intermediate filaments and the nucleoskeleton; 4.3 Plants do not have intermediate filaments but they may have functional equivalents; 4.4 Plants can evolve different solutions to the same problem; 4.5 Intermediate filaments first evolved in the nucleus.

"Brings together expert reviews of the recent significant advances in our knowledge and understanding of the organisation of the higher plant nucleus, and in particular in the relationship between nuclear organisation and the regulation of gene expression. Rapid progress has been made in a number of key areas over the last five years, including description and characterization of proteins of the nuclear envelope and nuclear pore complex, novel insights into nucleoskeletal structures, as well as developments related to chromatin organization, function and gene expression. These advances open the way for new research into areas such as stress tolerance, plant-pathogen interactions and ultimately crop improvement and food security. Continued research into plant nuclear structure, genome architecture and gene regulation also enriches our understanding of the origin and evolution of the nucleus and its envelope."--Publisher's book description.

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